TURKISH VISA OVERSTAY FINE AND DEPORT REGULATION FOR TURKEY

Revised August, 2020 – Resource, Directorate General of Migration Management Turkey
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ANNOUNCEMENT – OLD PASSPORT USE AT AIRPORTS / BORDERS WILL BE END OF LIFE IN TURKEY. NEW APPLICATION LODGED FOR RESIDENCE PERMIT ID CARD OR  WORK PERMIT ID CARD IN CASE WHERE THE PASSPORT PROVIDED IS ORDINARY AND NOT BIO-METRIC, PERMISSION WILL BE GIVEN TO STAY IN TURKEY UNTIL 01 NOVEMBER 2019.
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ANNOUNCEMENT – THE PERIOD OF STAY IN TURKEY BY VISA OR VISA EXEMPTION CANNOT EXCEED 90 DAYS WITHIN A PERIOD OF 180 DAYS.
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IN CASE THAT FOREIGNERS, WHO HAVE STAYED IN TURKEY 90 DAYS WITHIN THE 180 DAY PERIOD, AND COME TO TURKEY AGAIN; (UNLESS THERE IS ANOTHER MATTER PREVENTING THEM FROM ENTERING INTO TURKEY AT THE BORDER GATES), THEY ARE REQUIRED TO ENTER INTO TURKEY WITHOUT A VISA AND FILL THE V.84 RESIDENCE PERMIT CONDITIONAL ENTRY FORM TO DECLARE AND APPLY FOR RESIDENCE PERMIT ID CARD AT MIGRATION GOVERNORATE WITHIN TEN (10) DAYS OF ENTRY DATE.
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FOREIGNERS WHO HAVE ARRIVED AT THE BORDER GATES TO ENTER INTO TURKEY AND DO NOT HAVE PASSPORT OR TRAVEL DOCUMENT VALID FOR AT LEAST 60 DAYS AS OF EXPIRATION DATE OF THE VISA, VISA-EXEMPTION, RESIDENCE PERMIT AND/OR WORK PERMIT WILL NOT ENTER INTO TURKEY.
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HOW LONG MAY FOREIGNER STAY IN TURKEY AND WHAT IS OVERSTAY 90/180 RULE?

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  • The period of stay in Turkey provided by the e-Visa, Visa or Visa-Exemption cannot exceed (90 days within a period of 180 day period).
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  • There are three ways possible which a foreign national may overstay in Turkey; A foreign national might overstay with visa that was used to enter Turkey, or in breach of the 90 / 180 day rule, and overstay with expired Residence permit and not to renew it.
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  • The Turkish Passport Law 5682 regulates on how you may be banned from re-entering Turkey for a duration of time for visa overstay.
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EXPLANATION OF ENTRY PROHIBITIONS TO BE APPLIED WHO VIOLATE THE RIGHT OF LEGAL STAY
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ANNOUNCEMENT JUN 2020 – In violation of the right to stay legally in our country, i.e. visas, visa waivers, residence permit, work permit or a work permit exemption in violation of the law on foreigners and international protection No. 6458 dated 4/4/2013 strangers “to ban entry to Turkey entitled” prohibitions applied within the scope of Article 9 of the input is carried out within the framework of the following principles.
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1. Despite the violation of the legal right to stay, no decision is taken to ban entry to Turkey for foreigners leaving the country under the following conditions.
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a. Foreigners who violate the legal right to stay for up to 3 months (not including 3 months), who come to the border crossings spontaneously to leave Turkey before being identified by the competent authorities and pay administrative fines arising from the law no. 492 on fees
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b. Up to 3 Months (3 months included) are not in violation of the rights of legal stay, about to leave Turkey with the decision to deport came to the border to be able to output in a given time and paying Fees administrative fines arising from the Law No. 492 aliens
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2. Despite the violation of the legal right to stay, within the framework of the following conditions, it is decided to ban foreigners leaving the country from entering Turkey for 1 month to 5 years.
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a. Foreigners who violate the legal right to stay for more than 3 months (including 3 months), who come to the border crossings spontaneously to leave Turkey before being identified by the competent authorities and pay administrative fines arising from the law no. 492 on fees
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For foreigners in this scope, the entry Prohibition times corresponding to the violation times are as follows
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  • 3 months – 6 months violation: 1 month entry ban
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  • 6 months – 1 year violation: 3 month entry ban
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  • 1 year – 2 year violation: 1 – year entry ban
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  • 2 year – 3 year violation: 2 – year entry ban
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  • Violation over 3 years illegal stay: automatic 5 – year ban on entry to Turkey

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3. For foreigners who have violated the legal right to stay and who have left the country or who have been deported in the following cases, a ban on entry to Turkey is taken for 3 months to 5 years.
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a. Foreigners who do not pay administrative fines arising from the levies Law No. 492 even though they come to the border crossings spontaneously to leave Turkey before violations of the right of legal stay are detected by the authorities.
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b. Foreigners who violate the legal right to stay for up to 3 months (not including 3 months) and who do not leave within the period afforded to them by the decision of deportation and/or who do not pay administrative fines arising from the fees Law No. 492
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c. Foreigners who violate the legal right to stay for more than 3 months (including 3 months) regardless of whether they pay administrative fines arising from the fees Law No. 492 and who are invited to leave Turkey by taking the decision to deport
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d. Foreigners who do not exit within the period granted to them, regardless of whether they have paid the administrative fines arising from the fees Law No. 492, when their residence permit requests are rejected or their residence permits are cancelled
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e. Foreigners who do not exit within the period granted to them, regardless of whether they have paid the administrative fines arising from the fees Law No. 492, even though their work permit requests have been denied or their work permits have been cancelled.
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f. Foreigners who do not apply for residence permit despite being allowed to enter our country within 10 days of applying for residence permit, even though they are using all of the right of stay provided to them by Visa or visa exemption within the framework of “180 days 90 days” rule regardless of whether they pay administrative fines arising from fees law no. 492
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g. Foreigners subject to alternative obligations by finalizing the administrative supervision order regardless of whether they pay administrative fines arising from the fees Law No. 492
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h. Foreigners deported under the escort of staff, regardless of whether or not they pay administrative fines arising from the Fees Act No. 492
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For foreigners in this scope, the entry Prohibition times corresponding to the violation times are as follows
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  • Violation up to 3 Months: 3 month entry ban
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  • 3 months – 6 month violation: 6 month entry ban
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  • 6 months – 1 year violation: 1 year entry ban
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  • 1 year – 2 year violation: 2 – year entry ban
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  • Violation over 2 years illegal stay: automatic 5 – year ban on entry to Turkey
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    (however under Turkish passport law the foreigner by Turkish company and Invitation letter + Labor contract signed may re enter Turkey before by the powerful Work Visa and Foreigner Work Permit ID Card, and delete the deport record as choice).

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4. Foreigners who do not pay administrative fines and other public receivables arising from fees Law No. 492 and other legislation provisions, even if the duration of the established entry ban decision has expired, are not allowed to enter our country in the scope of Articles 7 and 15 of Law No. 6458 unless they pay such fines and public receivables.
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NOTICE TO FOREIGNERS DEPARTING TURKISH BORDERS WITH VISA OVERSTAY VIOLATION AND WHO DO NOT PAY OVERSTAY FINE BEFORE LEAVING, SHALL BE ISSUED A 5-YEAR BAN ON ENTRY. HOWEVER DEPARTING FOREIGNERS AFTER ENTERING IN THE FOREIGNER’S COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP OR LEGAL STAY, MAY PAY FINE WITHIN 10 DAYS AT THE TURKISH EMBASSY ABROAD TO LIFT THE BAN ON ENTRY.
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WHAT ARE TURKISH VISA VIOLATION CODES AND BAN PERIODS WITH DESCRIPTION?
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Conditional entry to Turkey to submit Residence permit application form within 10 days of entry date. (The period of stay in Turkey provided by the visa or visa exemption cannot exceed 90 days within a period of 180 days. In case that foreigners, who have stayed in turkey 90 days within the 180 day period, and come to Turkey again; (unless there is another matter preventing them from entering into Turkey at the border gates), they are required to enter into Turkey and fill the v.84 residence permit conditional entry form to declare and apply for residence permit id card at Migration governorate within ten (10) days of entry date. Foreigners who have arrived at the border gates to enter into Turkey and do not have passport or travel document valid for at least 60 days as of expiration date of the Visa, Visa-exemption, Residence Permit and/or Work permit will not enter into Turkey)
For those who have their Residence permit cancelled.
For those who are not found at the address.
For those who are not, but apply under Ahiska Turks.
5 year entry ban. For those whose entry is subject to permission from the Ministry.
Unlimited entry ban. For those foreigners who carry transmitted disease.
2 year entry ban. For those who have entered into Turkey illegal and exit.
1 year entry ban. For those with judicial proceedings against them.
1 year entry ban. For foreigners who have been discharged from jail.
1 year entry ban. For foreigners who impose threat to public safety and morality.
1 year entry ban. For foreigners who work illegal in Turkey.
5 year entry ban. For foreigners whose Residence permit is invalid.
5 year entry ban. For foreigners who get a fine for illegal working and do not pay the monetary fine.
5 year entry ban. For foreigners who get a fine for Visa violation or Residence permit violation and do not pay the monetary fine.
For those who get Administrative monetary fine according to Turkish Passport Law No. 5682 SKM.
For the foreigner Deportation expenses.
For the foreigner invited to leave.
For the stubborn passenger.
Infinitive entry ban. For foreigners who are dependent to visa.

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2018 STATISTICS ON ENTRY BAN, DEPORT AND VISA OVERSTAY IN TURKEY
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deport-turkey-invitiation-letter-reject-ban-work-visa-denied-application

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TURKISH VISA REGIME FOR FOREIGNERS DEFINITION OF LEGAL TERMS
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Leave Permit means the document which is not subject to any fees, and which is issued to persons for whom a period to leave Turkey is granted pursuant to Article 56 of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection.

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Removal Center means a center in which the foreigner subject to administrative detention is held.
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Administrative detention means that those for whom a removal decision have been issued those who; bear the risk of absconding or disappearing; breached the rules of entry into and exit from to Turkey; have used false or fabricated documents; have not left Turkey after the expiry of the period granted to them to leave, without an acceptable excuse; or, pose a threat to public order, public security or public health shall be held in removal centers.
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The administrative detention decision means those for whom a removal decision have been issued, the governorate shall issue an administrative detention decision for those who; bear the risk of absconding or disappearing; breached the rules of entry into and exit from to Turkey; have used false or fabricated documents; have not left Turkey after the expiry of the period granted to them to leave, without an acceptable excuse; or, pose a threat to public order, public security or public health.
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Removal means the implementation of decision issued by governorates on the persons who breach the provisions of the Law regarding the foreigners to be removed upon instructions of the Directorate General or ex office.
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Removal decision means the decision issued by governorates on the persons who breach the provisions of the Law regarding the foreigners to be removed upon instructions of the Directorate General or ex office.
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Summons to Leave Turkey means that where a removal decision has been issued, foreigners shall be granted a period no less than fifteen days and up to thirty days to leave Turkey, provided that this period is stated in the removal decision.

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Foreigner means a non-Turkish person who does not have citizenship bond with the Republic of Turkey.
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REMOVAL DECISION SHALL BE IMPLEMENTED FOR THOSE WHO BREACH THE REASONS STATED IN THE ARTICLE 54 OF THE LAW ON FOREIGNERS AND INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION. THIS DECISION SHALL BE ONLY ISSUED BY GOVERNORATES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CLEAR WORDING OF THE LAW. THE ASSESSMENT OF REMOVAL DECISION AND DECISION STAGE SHALL LAST MAXIMUM 48 HOURS.
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WHICH PERSONS ARE SUBJECT TO REMOVAL DECISION IN TURKEY?
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In case one or some of the situation stated in Article 54 of the Law occurred, the governorate must issue removal decision without prejudice to the provisions of Article 55 of the Law.
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A removal decision shall be issued in respect of those foreigners who are listed below and who are within the scope of paragraph one of Article 54 of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection.
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  1. Foreigners who are deemed to be removed pursuant to Article 59 of the Turkish Penal Code № 5237 (a. 54/1-a)
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  2. Foreigners who are leaders, members or supporters of a terrorist organization or a benefit oriented criminal organization (a. 54/1-b)
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  3. Foreigners who submit untrue information and false documents during the entry, visa and residence permit actions (a.54/1-c)
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  4. Foreigners who made their living from illegitimate means during their stay in Turkey (a.54/1-ç)
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  5. Foreigners who pose a public order or public security or public health threat (a.54/1-d)
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  6. Foreigners who has overstayed their visa or the visa exemption period for more than ten days or, whose visas are canceled (a.54/1-e)
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  7. Foreigners whose residence permits are canceled (a.54/1-f)
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  8. Foreigners who overstayed the expiry date of the duration of their residence permit for more ten days without an acceptable reason (a.54/1-g)
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  9. Foreigners who are determined to be working without a work permit (a.54/1-ğ)
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  10. Foreigners who breach the terms and conditions for legal entry into or exit from Turkey (a.54/1-h)
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  11. Foreigners who are determined to have entered into Turkey despite an entry ban to Turkey (a.54/1-ı)
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  12. Foreigners whose international protection claim has been refused; are excluded from international protection; application is considered inadmissible; has withdrawn the application or the application is considered withdrawn; international protection status has ended or has been canceled, provided that pursuant to the other provisions set out in this Law they no longer have the right of stay in Turkey after the final decision (a.54/1-i)
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  13. Foreigners who fail to leave Turkey within ten days in cases where their residence permit renewal application has been refused (a.54/1-j)
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  14. Foreigners who are applicants or international protection beneficiaries solely when there are serious reasons to believe that they pose a threat to national security of the Turkey (a. 54/2)
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  15. Foreigners who are applicants or international protection beneficiaries solely if they have been convicted upon a final decision for an offense constituting a public order threat. (a. 54/2)

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WHO ARE EXEMPTION FROM THE REMOVAL DECISION IN TURKEY?
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Removal decision shall not be issued in respect of those foreigners listed below regardless of whether they are within the scope of Article 54:
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  1. When there are serious indications to believe that they shall be subjected to the death penalty, torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in the country to which they shall be returned to (a.55/1-a)
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  2. who would face risk due to serious health condition, age or, pregnancy in case of travel (a.55/1-b)
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  3. who would not be able to receive treatment in the country to which they shall be returned while undergoing treatment for a life threatening health condition (a.55/1-c)
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  4. victims of human trafficking, supported by the victim’s assistance programme (a.55/1-ç)
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  5. victims of serious psychological, physical or sexual violence, until their treatment is completed (a.55/1-d)
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The assessment regarding whether the foreigners are within the scope of Article 55 or not shall be carried out for each foreigner. In order to stay in Turkey, those foreigners may be granted humanitarian residence permit pursuant to Article 46 of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection and those foreigners may be asked to reside at a given address and report to authorities in form and periods as requested.
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In cases where they lose their status, removal decision shall be issued in respect of the foreigner.
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WHAT IS APPEAL AGAINST REMOVAL DECISION IN TURKEY?
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Removal decision together with its reasons shall be notified to the foreigner for whom a removal decision has been issued or, to his/her legal representative or lawyer. If the foreigner for whom the removal decision has been issued, is not represented by a lawyer, the foreigner or his/her legal representative shall be informed about the consequence of the decision, procedures and time limits for appeal.
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HOW TO APPEAL TO TURKISH ADMINISTRATIVE COURT AND ITS FEATURES?
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Foreigner, legal representative or lawyer may appeal against the removal decision to the administrative court within fifteen days as of the date of notification.
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The person who has appealed against the decision to the court shall also inform the authority that has ordered the removal regarding the appeal.
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Such appeals shall be decided upon within fifteen days.
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The decision of the court on the appeal shall be final.
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Without prejudice to the foreigner’s consent, the foreigner shall not be removed during the judicial appeal period or until after the finalization of the appeal proceedings. In other words, in cases where the removal decision shall be subject to judicial appeal, the request for the suspension of execution shall not be also required. Because, the application shall suspend the procedure ex officio.
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As the right to  individual application is granted to everyone pursuant to the Constitution, the foreigners for whom a removal decision has been issued shall appeal against the decision to the Constitutional Court pursuant to the decision of administrative court.
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WHAT IS THE ADMINISTRATIVE DETENTION DECISION BY TURKEY MEAN?

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Those for whom a removal decision have been issued, the governorate shall issue an administrative detention decision for those who;

  • Bear the risk of absconding or disappearing;
  • Breached the rules of entry into and exit from to Turkey;
  • Have used false or fabricated documents;
  • Have not left Turkey after the expiry of the period granted to them to leave, without an acceptable excuse;
  • Pose a threat to public order, public security or public health.

Foreigners subject to administrative decision shall be held in removal centers.
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The duration of administrative detention in removal centers shall not exceed six months. However, in cases where the removal cannot be completed due to the foreigner’s failure of cooperation or providing correct information or documents about their country [of origin], this period may be extended for a maximum of six additional months.
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The need to continue the administrative detention shall be regularly reviewed monthly by the governorates. When consider it necessary, thirty-day waiting period shall not be applied.
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Those foreigners where administrative detention is no longer considered necessary shall immediately be reported to the Ministry. Administrative detention decision for the foreigner shall be revoked provided that the Ministry considers it appropriate and the foreigner shall be issued a Leave Permit. These persons may be asked to reside at a given address and report to authorities in form and periods as requested.
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HOW TO APPEAL AGAINST THE DETENTION DECISION MADE BY TURKEY?
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The administrative detention decision, the extension of the administrative detention period and the results of the monthly regular reviews together with its reasons shall be notified to the foreigner or, to his/her legal representative or lawyer. If the person subject to administrative detention is not represented by a lawyer, the person or his/her legal representative shall be informed about the consequence of the decision, procedure and time limits for appeal.
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HOW IS APPEAL MADE TO THE TURKISH JUDGE OF THE CRIMINAL COURT OF PEACE?
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The person placed under administrative detention or his/her legal representative or lawyer may appeal against the detention decision to the Judge of the Criminal Court of Peace.
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Such an appeal shall not suspend the administrative detention.
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In cases where the petition is handed to the administration, it shall immediately be conveyed to the competent Judge of the Criminal Court of Peace.
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The Judge of the Criminal Court of Peace shall finalize the assessment within five days.
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The decision of the Judge of the Criminal Court of Peace shall be final.
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The person placed under administrative detention or his/her legal representative or lawyer may further appeal to the Judge of the Criminal Court of Peace for a review should that the administrative detention conditions no longer apply or have changed.
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Those who appeal against an administrative detention action but do not have the means to pay the attorney’s fee shall be provided legal counsel upon demand, pursuant to the Legal Practitioner’s Law № 1136 of 19/03/1969.
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WHAT IS SUMMONS TO LEAVE TURKEY MEAN?
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Where a removal decision has been issued, foreigners shall be granted a period no less than fifteen days and up to thirty days to leave Turkey, provided that this period is stated in the removal decision.
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A Leave Permit shall be issued to persons for whom a period to leave Turkey is granted. This document shall not be subject to any fees.
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Among those who have been invited to leave Turkey, an entry ban might not be imposed for those who leave the country within the specified period of time.
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Foreigners who do not leave the country within the specified period of time shall be placed under administrative detention.
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The following foreigners shall not be invited to leave Turkey and the period mentioned above shall not be applied to those who:
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  1. Bear the risk of absconding or disappearing
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  2. Have breached the terms and conditions of legal entry and exit
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  3. Use false documents
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  4. Attempt to obtain or are determined to have obtained a residence permit with false documents
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  5. Pose a public order, public security, public health threat
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WHAT IS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE REMOVAL DECISION?

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The foreigners at removal centers shall be taken to border gates by law enforcement unit.
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Foreigners to be removed without being required to transfer to removal centers shall be taken to the border gates by law enforcement units through coordination of the provincial units of Directorate General.
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The Directorate General may cooperate with international organizations, the authorities in the relevant country, and nongovernmental organizations to carry out the removal.
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TRAVEL COSTS FOR THE FOREIGNERS TO BE REMOVED FROM TURKEY
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Passports or other documents belonging to foreigners may be retained until the foreigners are removed and their tickets may be cashed for use in the removal.
Foreigners to be removed shall cover their own travel costs. In cases where foreigners are unable to cover such costs, the full or remaining cost of travel shall be met from the budget of the Directorate General. A ban on entering Turkey may be imposed for such foreigners as long as the costs are not reimbursed.
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The limitation to be imposed for the situation in which the foreigner cannot cover the costs shall be considered as the reason of limitation by its nature. In case another ban has not issued to the foreigner, the restriction shall be removed provided that s/he covers the costs and the foreigner shall be allowed to enter into the country.
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Costs related to the removal of the foreigner are public receivables pursuant to the Article 1 of the Law No 6183 and they shall be collected by financial cashier office. Pursuant to the Article 104 of the Law No 6183, as the debtor is in the foreign country, the receivable shall not be subject to the lapse of time. For this reason, there is no obstacle to impose indefinite limitation on the foreigner.
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Natural or legal persons are responsible for covering the costs related to the removal of foreigners whose stay and return they have guaranteed.
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The paragraph 3 of the Article 21 of the Law No 4817 on the liabilities of the employers or employer representatives who employ the foreigner without work permit regarding the removal process of the foreigner shall stipulate that “An administrative penalty of five thousand Turkish liras shall be given to the employer or employer representatives for each foreigners that does not have working permission. In this case, the employer or representative of employer is obliged to cover the accommodation expenses of the foreigner and his/her spouses and children, if any, the expenditures required for them to return to their countries and health expenses when required.” The process shall be established within the framework of this regulation.
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