FOREIGN POPULATION RESIDING ISTANBUL BECAME 1 MILLION 531 THOUSAND PEOPLE

Revised July, 2020 – Resource, Directorate General of Migration Management Turkey
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ANNOUNCEMENT: ISTANBUL POPULATION INCREASED 451,543 PEOPLE IN 2019 COMPARED TO THE PREVIOUS YEAR, REACHING 15 MILLION 519,267 PEOPLE. ISTANBUL, WHERE 18.66 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION OF TURKEY RESIDED. FOLLOWED BY IS ANKARA WITH 5 MILLION 639 THOUSAND 76 PEOPLE, IZMIR WITH 4 MILLION 367 THOUSAND 251 PEOPLE, BURSA WITH 3 MILLION 56 THOUSAND 120 PEOPLE, AND ANTALYA WITH 2 MILLION 511 THOUSAND 700 PEOPLE.
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NON-TURKISH NATIONAL IN TURKEY POPULATION RATIO
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The foreigner population living in Turkey 2018 – 2019 period has increased highest of all times in Turkey history by foreigner nationals for living, to study and work, compared to the previous year and became 1 million 531 thousand 180 people.
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From 5 million foreigner applications lodged last year to the Göç İdaresi government migration offices in Turkey 1 million Turkish residence permit is issued, 50% from Istanbul and 50% from other 80 provinces combined.
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Due to sharp increase the Istanbul Directorate of Migration Management office Göç İdaresi plans to issue quota to balance out the number of short-term Residence permits that will be issued or extended from Istanbul yearly, by a tweak to the online application system in brief.
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  • Of this population the total of, 50.8 percent were foreigner men.
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  • Of this population the total of, 49.2 percent were foreigner women.
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  • Within the scope of foreign national population, persons with or, persons with Identity Documents and Address declaration replacing the Turkey Residence Permit ID Card, persons holding Turkey Work Permit Kimlik ID Card who have valid address declaration obtained from the Republic of Turkey Population and Citizenship Directorate, were evaluated.
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  • Foreigners with visitors Visa or short-term Turkey Residence Permit for less than 3 months and 4 million Syrians with Temporary Protection status in Turkey were not included in the population count.
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  • Foreigner nationals to stay in Turkey for reasons such as Turkish language course, Tourism, Scientific research were not included in the population.

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TURKEY POPULATION REACHED 83 MILLION 154.997 PEOPLE
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  • Turkey’s Turkish citizen population increased by 1 million 151,15 people in 2019 compared to the previous year, reaching 83 million 154,997 people.
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  • Turkey population increased by 1 million 151 thousand 115 people in 2019 compared to the previous year, while 83 million 154 thousand 997 people, the annual population growth declined to 13.9 per thousand.
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  • Accordingly the country’s population, which as of 2018 was 82 million 3,882 people, increased by 1 million 151,15 people, reaching 83 million 154,997 people last year.
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  • The proportion of the male population 41 million 721 thousand 136 people, and the proportion of the female population was 41 million 433 thousand 861 people.
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  • The annual population growth rate declined from 14.7 per thousand in 2018 to 13.9 per thousand in 2019.
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  • The proportion of residents in provincial and county centres rose from 92.3 per cent in 2018 to 92.8 per cent in 2019.
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  • The proportion of residents in towns and villages fell to 7.2 per cent.
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  • Istanbul population reached 15 million 519 thousand 267 people.
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  • Tunceli was the province with the least population with 84,660 people. Tunceli, 84 thousand 843 people with Bayburt, 97 thousand 319 people with Ardahan, 142 thousand 490 people with Kilis and 164 thousand 521 people with Gümüşhane followed.
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THE OLDER AGE TURKISH CITIZENS POPULATION INCREASED 0.04%
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  • Due to the decrease in fertility and mortality rates, the older population increased and the median age increased. The median age in Turkey, which was 32 in 2018, rose to 32.4 in 2019. By gender, the median age rose from 31.4 to 31.7 in males and from 32.7 to 33.1 in females.
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  • In its distribution by provinces, Sinop was determined to have the highest median age value with 40.8. Sinop was followed by Balıkesir with 40.2 and Giresun with 39.9. On the other hand, with 20.1, Şanlıurfa was the province with the lowest median age. Şanlıurfa was followed by Şırnak with 20.9 and Ağrı with 21.8.
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  • According to gender distribution, with 39.5 in males, Sinop was the province with the highest median age. Şanlıurfa was noted as having the lowest median age with 19.7. In women, Sinop was the province with the highest median age with 42.1, while Şırnak was the province with the lowest median age with 20.5.

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PROPORTION OF WORKING AGE POPULATION INCREASED 2%
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  • The proportion of the population in the 15-64 age group, defined as working age, rose from 66.5 per cent in 2007 to 67.8 per cent in 2019. The proportion of the population in the 0-14 age group identified as a child age group declined from 26.4 per cent to 23.1 per cent, while the proportion of the population aged 65 and above rose from 7.1 per cent to 9.1 per cent.
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  • The total age dependency ratio, which shows the number of children and older individuals per working-age individual, rose from 47.4 per cent in 2018 to 47.5 per cent in 2019.
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  • The child dependency ratio, which refers to number of children per economically active individual, declined from 34.5 per cent to 34.1 per cent, while the elderly dependency ratio, which measures the number of older individuals per working person, rose from 12.9 per cent to 13.4 per cent. In other words, in Turkey in 2019, it was calculated that 100 people of working age cared for 34.1 children and 13.4 elderly people.
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  • 108 people per square kilometer in Turkey. As in Canada is 1 person per 200 km2
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  • The “number of people falling to one square kilometer”, defined as population density, increased by 1 person compared to 2018 in Turkey and rose to 108 people.
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  • The highest population density was Istanbul with 2,987 people per square kilometer, while Kocaeli with 541 people and Izmir with 364 people were the highest population density after Istanbul.
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  • On the other hand, the province with the least population density was Tunceli with 11 people per square kilometer as in the previous year. Tunceli was followed by the provinces of Ardahan and Erzincan with 20 people.
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  • The population density of Konya, which ranked first in the size of the face measurement, was 57 and the population density of Yalova, which had the smallest face measurement, was 320.

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